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Solving Structural Vibration Problems Using Operating Deflection Shape and Finite Element Analysis

Solving Structural Vibration Problems Using Operating Deflection Shape and Finite Element Analysis

This tutorial focuses on vibration issues in pumps primarily for power plants, refineries, and municipal water and waste water treatment plants.

Dramatic Vibration Improvement to Ring-Section Pump

Dramatic Vibration Improvement to Ring-Section Pump

This presentation, given at the 26th International Pump Users Symposium in 2010, describes how MSI used Operating Deflection Shape (ODS) Characterization to solve a vibration issue with a Ring-Section Pump. Using advanced troubleshooting techniques, MSI was able to recommend modifications to the baseplate that greatly reduced the vibration level.

Simulation of the Francis-99 Hydro Turbine During Steady and Transient Operation

Simulation of the Francis-99 Hydro Turbine During Steady and Transient Operation

In this Institute of Physics Journal of Physics article, the authors compare analytical computational fluid dynamics (CFD) results to experimental results. Numerical predictions of the Francis-99 hydroturbine using the commercial CFD code STAR-CCM+ correlate well with experiment. Net head, discharge, runner torque and hydraulic efficiency all correlate closely with experimentally observed values. Nearly all quantities are predicted within 3.5% of the experimental observation.

Visualizing Flying Horses and Vibrating Machines: Slow Motion Magnified Video (Uptime Magazine)

Visualizing Flying Horses and Vibrating Machines: Slow Motion Magnified Video (Uptime Magazine)

Understand the context and power of using high-speed video for vibration analysis and machinery diagnostics.

A Specialized Testing Method to Resolve Problems in Gas Turbines

A Specialized Testing Method to Resolve Problems in Gas Turbines

Aeroderivative gas turbines are used to drive LNG compressors. This article describes a problem solving process used to address a turbine problem that was introduced as part of a coupling retrofit. The specialized testing and analysis techniques are applicable to compressors, as well as other system components (heat exchangers, fractionation towers, etc.) used in LNG facilities…

Thermal Load Effect on Vibration on a Reactor Feed Water Pump (FWP)

Thermal Load Effect on Vibration on a Reactor Feed Water Pump (FWP)

Maki Onari presented a real-world case study of troubleshooting a Reactor Feed Water Pump. This presentation was given at the 45th Turbomachinery & 32nd Pump Symposia (2016) in Houston, TX.

Repetitive Shaft Crack Failure Analysis in a Nuclear Power Plant

Repetitive Shaft Crack Failure Analysis in a Nuclear Power Plant

Several attempts pursued by a plant and their supplier, over the years, did not find the root cause of a shaft cracking problem, in spite of the good troubleshooting procedures and careful installation practices pursued. Therefore, an exceptionally comprehensive root cause investigation was implemented, with specialty vibration testing at its core.

Detecting Potentially Unstable Cavitation Modes with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Analysis

Detecting Potentially Unstable Cavitation Modes with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Analysis

Interested in accurately predicting unstable modes in pumps using unsteady, multiphase computational fluid dynamics (CFD)? This a great article by MSI’s Edward Bennett and Artem Ivashchenko on the power of…

CFD Analysis of a Low Head Propeller Turbine with Comparison to Experimental Data

CFD Analysis of a Low Head Propeller Turbine with Comparison to Experimental Data

Mechanical Solutions, Inc. (MSI) was contracted to perform several CFD analyses of an axial hydroturbine, with the purpose of validating the experimental data obtained by a hydroturbine test loop. MSI employed two CFD codes, ANSYS CFX and STAR-CCM+, which were used to conduct several transient analyses, three of which are detailed in this paper. The results of the transient analyses revealed good correlation between the numerical predictions and the experimental data.

An End-User’s Guide to Centrifugal Pump Rotordynamics

An End-User’s Guide to Centrifugal Pump Rotordynamics

This tutorial outlines the basics of pump rotordynamics in a form that is intended to be Machinery End User friendly. Pump rotordynamic problems, including the bearing and seal failure problems that they may cause, are responsible for a significant amount of the maintenance budget and lost-opportunity cost at many refineries and electric utilities.

Troubleshooting Virtually – Audio-Visual Communication Over The Internet Facilitates Problem Solving Over Long Distances

Troubleshooting Virtually – Audio-Visual Communication Over The Internet Facilitates Problem Solving Over Long Distances

MSI was an early adopter of remote troubleshooting technology. In this article, MSI describes troubleshooting a steam turbine vibration problem in Asia from the other side of the globe in our headquarters in New Jersey. Details about the problem, troubleshooting method, and engineered solution are described.

Weaving In and Out – Innovative Turbine Blade Cooling Concept

Weaving In and Out – Innovative Turbine Blade Cooling Concept

Turbines need to run at very high temperatures to reduce fuel burn, but they require internal cooling to maintain structural integrity and meet service-life requirements. Engineers used simulation to evaluate state-of-the-art turbine-blade cooling-channel geometries and developed an innovative geometry that outperforms existing designs.

Nursing an Unreliable Boiler Feed Pump Back to Health

Nursing an Unreliable Boiler Feed Pump Back to Health

This Sound and Vibration article explains the benefit of modal evaluation while the machine is running, and provides a real world example of how MSI does it. An electric power generating plant located in the Northeastern U.S. had suffered through chronic boiler feed pump failures for eight years due to modulated-load operation. Rather than replacing the rotor element with a new, custom design, MSI got to the bottom of the real problem.

Advanced Gas Foil Bearing Design for Supercritical CO₂ Power Cycles

Advanced Gas Foil Bearing Design for Supercritical CO₂ Power Cycles

As new commercial applications arise for supercritical CO₂ (sCO₂) power generation, and higher output and efficiencies are achieved through higher turbine inlet pressures and temperatures, the need to improve component technologies becomes essential. Traditionally lubricated and cooled oil bearings cannot tolerate the higher temperatures, and the higher pressures make keeping the oil separate from the working fluid an increasingly difficult challenge.

How Plant Rotating Equipment Resonance Issues Can Affect Reliability and Uptime

How Plant Rotating Equipment Resonance Issues Can Affect Reliability and Uptime

Detecting the cause of machinery vibration can sometimes prove elusive. If you have had your switchgear fail due to exciter bolt tension, or have ever sought to diagnose high vibration levels that have appeared with no apparent cause, or come and go in seemingly random intervals, or have always exceeded their twin machine that is “the same,” you may have encountered resonance.

Pre-installation Detection and Correction of Potential Pump System Resonance (High Vibration) Problems

Pre-installation Detection and Correction of Potential Pump System Resonance (High Vibration) Problems

The objective is to utilize modern Finite Element Analysis (FEA) techniques to avoid installing equipment with preventable vibration problems. The methodology is applicable for new plant construction or for plant modifications such as upgrading to more efficient motors or installing Variable Frequency Drives (VFD).

Vibration Failures – Dynamic Testing and Finite Element Modeling Have Been Successful Diagnostic Methods

Vibration Failures – Dynamic Testing and Finite Element Modeling Have Been Successful Diagnostic Methods

In this Turbomachinery International article, MSI demonstrates how to utilize field testing data to calibrate a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) model to first replicate then problem, then establish a solution without resorting to trial-and-error problem solving.

Reducing Technical Risk Associated with Large Machinery Replacement or Retrofit Projects

Reducing Technical Risk Associated with Large Machinery Replacement or Retrofit Projects

The U.S. electrical power generation market is quite complex, and currently in a significant state of change. Baseload coal plants are closing, and natural gas, with a highly variable fuel cost, is the prescribed replacement. New nuclear construction is currently plagued by the familiar bugbears of schedule and cost overruns, making investment in additional plants uncertain.

Interference Diagrams – When Campbell Diagrams Aren’t Enough

Interference Diagrams – When Campbell Diagrams Aren’t Enough

This classic Sound & Vibration article explains the basis for when and how to use of an interference diagram in assessing the potential for resonance problems in a centrifugal impeller or axial-bladed disk.

Centrifugal Impeller Structural Resonance

Centrifugal Impeller Structural Resonance

Engineers have been making use of the Interference Diagram as a tool for assessing potential for impeller structural resonance for decades now. It is also referred to in the literature…

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